For some reason I can't log in to my xmpp server from any account other than my admin account. The client says that registration is only through invitation.


I'm looking for a simple sendmail replacement to receive local mail, such as from cron and service failures and forward it to on to a real SMTP server.

I have used msmtpd successfully but thought I'd ask if folks have other solutions they like.


My pixel phone has meager storage. Could I use an old phone with bountiful SD space to serve up media via Bluetooth?

Any ideas if this would work practically speaking?

submitted 10 hours ago* (last edited 10 hours ago) by cynber@lemmy.ca to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

cross-posted from: https://lemmy.ca/post/19327950

I'm not the developer. I came across it and I thought it was neat.

Repository: github.com/GRA0007/crab.fit

Align your schedules to find the perfect time that works for everyone. Open-source and licensed under the GNU GPLv3.

Self-hosting guide

submitted 11 hours ago by kokesh@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I've been put behind CGNAT last year, so I'm running Wireguard tunnel to a VPS. Can I simply add new client - a second Linux machine sitting at my network and forward certain ports to it? Do all the clients use the same key then?


Hi everyone,

I've just set up a radicale on my server to share ToDo Lists in my household, and all is going well on my Android phone.

I'm currently struggling to work out the right app to use on IOS that isn't Apple's reminders (my wife hates that app) that supports CalDav.

Any suggestions on what to use?


I will be located in a country where the Internet is EXTREMELY controlled and filtered. Not sure if I can even bring my current router with me(seems forbidden), so turning my RPi4 seems a good idea... Don't you think?


Has anyone bought from here before? Looking to upgrade my NAS drives.


My current setup is an old MacBook woth 2 external HDDs, and I am almost happy with it, for now. I just saw this mini PC on Amazon and I am considering buying it, just to try out a new thing. I think it is cheap (~22 USD).

What I am worried about is that this much memory and storage might make it almost unusable. I was thinking of hosting some minor services, like remark42, shynet or vaultwarden. What else do you think I can host? If my mind changes, I will also try it with a desktop environment and try to connect it to my 4K Android TV.

Here are some specs, if you don't want to visit the webpage:

Brand thinvent
Personal computer design type Mini PC
Operating System Linux
Memory Storage Capacity 16 GB
RAM Memory Installed Size 2 GB
CPU Model Cortex A5
Special Feature Memory Card Reader
CPU Manufacturer ARM
Wireless network technology Wi-Fi
CPU Speed 2 GHz
Graphics Coprocessor ‎Integrated Graphics
RAM Memory Maximum Size ‎16 GB
Hardware Interface ‎Ethernet
Memory Speed ‎2 GHz
Item Dimensions LxWxH ‎10 x 10 x 1.8 Centimeters
Speaker Description ‎built in
Video Output Interface ‎HDMI
Graphics Card Description ‎Integrated
Hard Disk Interface ‎Unknown
Style ‎With Wi-Fi
Manufacturer ‎Thinvent Technologes Pvt Ltd
Form Factor ‎Small Form Factor
Item Height ‎1.8 Centimeters
Item Width ‎10 Centimeters
Product Dimensions ‎10 x 10 x 1.8 cm; 460 g
Item model number ‎Micro 5_2021
Processor Count ‎1
RAM Size ‎2 GB
Computer Memory Type ‎DDR4 SDRAM
Hard Drive Size ‎16 GB
Hardware Platform ‎Linux
Lithium Battery Energy Content ‎5 Watt Hours
Manufacturer ‎Thinvent Technologes Pvt Ltd
Country of Origin ‎India
Item Weight ‎460 g
submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by ptz@dubvee.org to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

This is my new favorite thing. I don't have a CRT to display this on, but I'll settle for an old 4:3 LCD monitor I have sitting on a shelf in the basement - it's old and blurry enough to be a reasonable facsimile.

This project aims to bring back the feel of the 90's with a weather forecast that has the look and feel of The Weather Channel at that time but available in a modern way.

Live demo: https://weatherstar.netbymatt.com/

docker run -p 8080:8080 ghcr.io/netbymatt/ws4kp

Access on http://localhost:8080



Veeble | Webdock | Milesweb | Cloudfanatic | Time4vps | Hetzner | Vpsdime | Zap-hosting I'm looking for cheap VPS options. I'm trying to run Syncthing, a caldev server and maybe a searXng instance as well. Also what would be the catch with cheap VPS providers?


cross-posted from: https://programming.dev/post/12701628

Struggling with a problem that i just can't seem to figure out.

When starting from scratch self hosting both the SCM and CI/CD server.

Given that you can't use an existing setup to deploy/manage it, what is the best practice for deploying said services?

submitted 3 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by Tinnitus@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I have been exploring the world of home servers/self-hosting for a little over a year now, and feel like I have at a decent understanding of a lot of things that go into this. The one thing I am not remotely comfortable with yet is networking. It's like a foreign language to me.

What are some good resources or projects that I could work on to help me develop a better understanding of this? Or, what helped you advance your networking knowledge? I have an UnRaid machine and a Raspberry Pi 4 (8gb) at my disposal (for any project recommendations). Current router is ISP provided, so nothing fancy.


I’m trying to improve the power consumption of my NAS. The 2 (7200 rpm) HDDs I had were using 15W at idle and 5W when spun down. I’m reading a lot of conflicting information about what is lower power between HDD, SSD and NVMe SSD. Eventually I started looking at SATA SSD (please let me know if this is not the most power efficient)

I found this site that shows a benchmark of different SSDs and their average power consumption. I was about to go with WD Red but then I found a YouTube video saying I shouldn’t go with WD for a NAS.

Can you tell me what brand or model you’re using in your homelab that’s power efficient? Ideally I would like 4TB SSD.



I want to reset my server soon and I'm toying with the idea of using a different operating system. I am currently using Ubuntu Server LTS. However, I have been toying with the idea of using Fedora Server (I use Fedora on my laptop and made good experiences with it) or even Fedora CoreOS. I also recently installed NixOS on my desktop computer and find the declarativeness pretty cool (but I'm still a complete beginner) and could imagine that it would fit well into a server setup.

I have quite a few services running on my server, such as Nextcloud, Conduit (Matrix), Jellyfin, etc. and all in containers. I would also rather not install programs without containers, because 1. compose is super easy to maintain and set up, 2. it remains very clear with containers (and compose) and 3. I believe that containers are more secure. But since I also want to make the services inside the containers available, I currently have Nginx installed as a reverse proxy (not in the container, but on the system) and always create certificates with certbot so that I can use HTTPS encryption.

In the paragraph above I actually described exactly the use-case of Fedora CoreOS, but I have no experience with the system and how it works. That's why I'm still a bit hesitant at considering the OS at the moment. I can imagine that NixOS with its declarative nature seems well suited, since, as I have heard, you can configure containers as well as Nginx and with Nginx also https certificates declaratively. But I could also use a base system like before (Fedora Server or Ubuntu Server) and simply install podman, nginx and certbot and manage everything that way.

Have you had any experience with Fedora Server, Fedora CoreOS, NixOS or a completely different operating system for servers and what are/were your impressions with this setup? Or do you just want to share your knowledge here? I would be delighted.


cross-posted from: https://lemmy.world/post/14180956

Hello all you lovely people!

I'm trying to figure out if I can port forward to different servers based on the destination domain.

I have a domain with a wildcard cert and I'd like to be able to route all traffic headed towards "1.domain.com" to a server I'm calling "1". I'd still like traffic headed to domain.com to go to where it's currently going, we can call this server "0", and to be able to have a 2.domain.com or 3 or 4 in the future.

I thought that having a port forward rule with: interface: WAN Protocol: any source: any destination: a url alias including 1.domain.com redirect target ip: local ip

Would work, but it doesn't seem to. Any tips?


cross-posted from: https://infosec.pub/post/10908807


If I use SSH as a Tor hidden service and do not share the public hostname of that service, do I need any more hardening?

Full Post:

I am planning to setup a clearnet service on a server where my normal "in bound" management will be over SSH tunneled through Wireguard. I also want "out of bound" management in case the incoming ports I am using get blocked and I cannot access my Wireguard tunnel. This is selfhosted on a home network.

I was thinking that I could have an SSH bastion host as a virtual machine, which will expose SSH as a a hidden service. I would SSH into this VM over Tor and then proxy SSH into the host OS from there. As I would only be using this rarely as a backup connection, I do not care about speed or convenience of connecting to it, only that it is always available and secure. Also, I would treat the public hostname like any other secret, as only I need access to it.

Other than setting up secure configs for SSH and Tor themselves, is it worth doing other hardening like running Wireguard over Tor? I know that extra layers of security can't hurt, but I want this backup connection to be as reliable as possible so I want to avoid unneeded complexity.


In my home network, I'm currently hosting a public facing service and a number of private services (on their own subdomain resolved on my local DNS), all behind a reverse proxy acting as a "bouncer" that serves the public service on a subdomain on a port forward.

I am in the process of moving the network behind a hardware firewall and separating the network out and would like to move the reverse proxy into its own VLAN (DMZ). My initial plan was to host reverse proxy + authentication service in a VM in the DMZ, with firewall allow rules only port 80 to the services on my LAN and everything else blocked.

On closer look, this now seems like a single point of failure that could expose private services if something goes wrong with the reverse proxy. Alternatively, I could have a reverse proxy in the DMZ only for the public service and another reverse proxy on the LAN for internal services.

What is everyone doing in this situation? What are best practices? Thanks a bunch, as always!


Is anybody self hosting Beeper bridges?

I'm still wary of privacy concerns, as they basically just have you log into every other service through their app (which as I understand is always going on in the closed source part of Beeper's product).

The linked GitHub README also states that the benefit of hosting their bridge setup is basically "hosting Matrix hard" which I don't necessarily believe.


Hey there!

So, I've accumulated a ton of courses and tutorials over the years - everything from photography to cooking to music mixing and mastering, DIY, gardening, you name it.

I've been trying to keep everything organized with Jellyfin, but honestly, it's a bit of a hassle to navigate through all my content and find what I need.

I'd love to find something with a user-friendly interface where I can easily sort, organize, and tag all my courses and videos.

I've been searching high and low for a solution these past few days, but haven't had much luck. Any suggestions?

Thanks in advance for your help!


Hi! For the ones of you that use Trello, I made a simple to use and host alternative in PHP. It's not a complete alternative like other projects, and I mainly made it to be able to host it on free PHP web servers while having control over data/attachments. It also support a basic importer for Trello JSON exports.

I'm hosting a test instance here, you can make an account to try it out (no email required):


And the repository with other instructions is here:


submitted 5 days ago* (last edited 5 days ago) by lightrush@lemmy.ca to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

So long partner...

Any recommended alternative?

submitted 5 days ago* (last edited 5 days ago) by Sunny@slrpnk.net to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hiya, just got NPM installed and working, very happy to finally have SSL certs on all of my serivces and proper URLs to navigate to them, what a breeze! However, as I am still in the learning process: I am curious to know when to enable these three toggles and for what services. I assume the "Block Common Exploits", can always be turned on. But unsure about the two others. Some applications have not worked until I turned on the Websockets Support, but I dont really know what it does, nor do I know what applications need this in order to fully work. Are there any thumb rules for these things?

Appriciate any pointers! 🌻

view more: next ›


36393 readers
414 users here now

A place to share alternatives to popular online services that can be self-hosted without giving up privacy or locking you into a service you don't control.


  1. Be civil: we're here to support and learn from one another. Insults won't be tolerated. Flame wars are frowned upon.

  2. No spam posting.

  3. Posts have to be centered around self-hosting. There are other communities for discussing hardware or home computing. If it's not obvious why your post topic revolves around selfhosting, please include details to make it clear.

  4. Don't duplicate the full text of your blog or github here. Just post the link for folks to click.

  5. Submission headline should match the article title (don’t cherry-pick information from the title to fit your agenda).

  6. No trolling.


Any issues on the community? Report it using the report flag.

Questions? DM the mods!

founded 10 months ago